News

Life expectancy at record high in Tibet

By: China Daily Global
Updated: Jan. 11, 2022
Life expectancy in the Tibet autonomous region rose last year to a record 72.19 years-a giant leap from 1951, when average life expectancy was only 35.5 years, according to the region's government.
 
In 1951, the harsh environment of high-altitude Tibet made life a day-today struggle. Good medical care was a rarity, mothers and infants died at a high rate, people's diets were limited and unbalanced, and even a minor illness could result in death.
 
With its peaceful liberation seven decades ago, Tibet embarked on a new path and it would never return to the ways of the past. And this journey has improved the lives of its people.
 
Life expectancy was just one of many astonishing pieces of information that Yan Jinhai, then acting chairman of the regional government, announced in the government work report on Jan 4 at the fifth session of the region's 11th People's Congress, adding that the improvement was attributed to better healthcare. Yan was elected chairman of the government on Friday.
 
In 2020, people in Tibet were expected to live 71.1 years on average, meaning a full extra year had been gained in a short span, according to Xinhua News Agency.
 
Penpa Butri, a 61-year-old woman from Shigatse, said her mother died at age 38 because of poor medical care.
 
"She had an oral disease since she was a child, but healthcare conditions were poor at that time, and her family's circumstances were miserable. She couldn't receive good treatment," Penpa Butri said.
 
Before 1951, there were only three small and shabby government-run institutions of Tibetan medicine and a small number of private clinics. Now, Tibet has a full system covering regular medical services, maternity and child care, disease prevention and control, and Tibetan medicine and therapies.
 
The maternal mortality rate in Tibet has dropped sharply from 50 per 1,000 in 1951 to less than 0.48 per 1,000 last year. Infant mortality fell from 430 per 1,000 in 1951 to just 7.6 per 1,000, in the same period.
 
According to the region's health commission, Tibet now has 1,661 health institutes and 172 hospitals, including 14 hospitals above the level of Grade 3.
 
More than 400 severe diseases can be treated within the region.
 
Tsering Pedron, a senior Tibetan physician from the Ngari People's Hospital in Ngari prefecture, said the increase in people's life expectancy in Tibet can be attributed to good policies at all levels of government, as well as personal health awareness and technology.

By PALDEN NYIMA and DAQIONG in Lhasa